Want to study Korean? Great! It’s an exotic language that is both fun and interesting to learn. And while it is exotic, it is not complex. In fact, its grammar and sentence structures were specifically designed to be simple and straightforward. They are, however, very different than the structures we use in English. Due to this, it is essential that you understand the basics of English grammar and sentence structure before learning the Korean language. This article will demonstrate exactly how having a grasp of basic English grammar will help you learn Korean, and it will give you an English language refresher course to help get you on your way to accomplishing your final goal, learning the Korean language.
Using English Grammar to Understand Korean Sentence Structure
Before learning Korean it is important that you understand the basics of English. You need to know the difference, for example, between nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, and adjectives, and you should be able to explain subjects, predicates, and articles.
Why is this important? Because everything you intuitively know about English sentence structure is different in the Korean language, and being able to recognize the difference will greatly accelerate your learning.
Look at this simple sentence, for example.
English: “I am a teacher.”
Korean: “Na neun (I) sunsangnim (teacher) imnida (am).”
Direct Korean to English translation: “I teacher am.”
There are two simple but very important differences between the English version of this sentence and the Korean one.
1. There is a difference in sentence structure.
In English the structure is: Subject + Verb + Object
In Korean the structure is: Subject + Object + Verb
2. There are no articles in the Korean 飄眉推薦 sentence-and there never are.
Being able to recognize these fundamental differences between the two languages will allow you to master Korean much quicker and with far less effort.
If you don’t understand the basics of English, though, if can’t recall what articles and adverbs are, you will not be able to recognize the grammatical differences, and it will take you much longer to learn the Korean language.
What You Need to Remember From Your School Days
The Parts of Speech
The parts of speech are the building blocks of all sentences, and you need to know and understand them.
1. Noun — A noun is a person, place, thing, object, or, in some cases, a concept.
2. Pronoun — A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun. There are several kinds of pronouns.
- Personal pronouns: I, me, you, she, her, he, him, it, we, us, you, they, them
- Reflexive pronouns: myself, yourself, himself, herself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves
- Possessive pronouns: my, mine, your, yours, her, hers, his, its, our, ours, your, yours, their, theirs
- Demonstrative pronouns: this, that, these, those
- Relative pronouns: who, whom, whose, which, that
- Indefinite pronouns: all, another, any, anybody, anyone, anything, both each either, everybody, everyone, everything, few many neither nobody, none, no one, nothing, one, several some somebody, someone, something